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June 2020

British dystopian science fiction

Is it even real?

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Black Mirror is a British dystopian science fiction show that aired its first episode in 2011 on Channel 4 in the UK. The first 4 seasons of the show were aired solely on Channel 4. Later its special episode, Bandersnatch that is an interactive episode was released on Netflix, along with the latest season 5.

The show is a satire about technological advancement based on society’s current obsession with screens. It shows how deeply involved we have gotten with the technology and amplifies the repercussions of what it might do humanity in the future.

Although we haven’t tapped into all of the technological advancement revealed in the show yet and we might be far from it at the moment but there is the technology that has already been introduced and has been used for years. Here is the list of 5 products and apps that are in Black Mirror and a version of them exists in real life.

  1. Snap Inc., Spectacle

Based on the episode, “The Entire History of You,” which introduces us to a unique lens called “grain,” that records every moment of your life and allows you to revisit them whenever you want.

Though this product hasn’t reached the same potential as “grain” yet it lets you record 10 seconds with its camera-equipped in the sunglasses. Although the design is not as sleek as shown in the episode but it is a start.

  1. Crystal

In the episode, “Be right Back” a wife saddened by her husband’s death brings him back through a service that uses his social media presence and photos to recreate his presence.

Automated Chatbots have already been made available on Facebook and a few other apps. Similarly, there is another personality detection service called Crystal that collects all the data of the person available online and tailor-made the emails keeping the essence of the person intact.

  1. Animoji

In the new feature launched in iPhone X linked with the TrueDepth camera, you can create a cartoon replica of yourself that not only duplicate your physical features but also replicate your voice.

Similar to the “The Waldo Moment” episode, where a cartoon character, Waldo after his immense success has joined politics. The person who voiced the character was lost and people only remembered the cartoon.

Animoji has been used by various people to create various personalities and gain fame. It’s not that far when people would remember the characters more than the people who created them.

  1. Alexa

“Cookie” was introduced in Christmas special episode “White Christmas” where it uses a person’s consciousness and act as a personal assistant and smart control the appliances of the house.

We haven’t gotten to a point where our conscious runs the house, but Amazon’s Alexa can control features of the house such as lights, temperature, among others.

  1. Rate Me

The feature to rate the services one has consumed has been gaining a lot of popularity. The idea behind it is to use the ratings to improve the services. However, with apps like Uber and Postmates, you rate the person who provided you with the service and then others use those ratings to decide whether they want to use the service or not.

In the episode, “Nosedive” people not only rate the services but also the people they interacted with. When they meet a new person, their current ratings open up beside their head that allows you to decide your actions accordingly.

A similar system is under the plan in China known as ‘social credit’ that rates how trustworthy someone is based on their political beliefs and financial standings.

Amelia

Where are you, Amelia?

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Amelia Earhart born on July 24, 1897, was an American aviator who was the first woman to fly solo across Atlantic. She was among the top 20 women who was issued a pilot’s license by The Federation Aeronatique.

On July 2, 1937, to commemorate her 40th birthday, Amelia Earhart along with her navigator Fred Noonan, departed in Lockheed Electra 10E, from Lae, Papua New Guinea to Howland Island to finish off her around the World flight. However, things didn’t go as planned and her plane never reached Howland Island. The US Coast Guard cutter Itasca was at Howland to assist Earhart with radio-bearings and a smoke plume.

It is assumed that the plane crashed in the middle of the sea. The search continues for two weeks by The U.S. Coast Guard and Navy but failed to locate both the plane and Earhart. Her husband, George Putnam requested civilian mariners to continue looking for the remains.

Two years later, Amelia and Fred were presumed dead but the sudden disappearance of Earhart with no traces to be found even after 81 years, allowed conspiracy theorists to conjure up different ideas of what could have happened to her. Here are the top three theories of where they might have ended up.

#1 Ocean Crash

It is presumed that the airplane might have run out of fuel when on its way to Howland and could have crashed in the Pacific Ocean.

The communications of the airplane were broken and there is no evidence extracted from the plan to find out exactly how far from the island it might be. Whereas in the Itasca’s radio logs, Earhart mentioned that she was near the island but she couldn’t see it yet and was running low on gas.

Even after various expedition carried out in 2002 and then again in 2006, around the island, they still ended up empty-handed.

#2 Marshall Island

Another theory is that the plane might have landed on Marshall Island that is under control by Japanese and Earhart and Noonan were mistaken for U.S. spies and captured.

Although some believe that they were killed after some time but some think they returned to the U.S. under different names. Her new name was Irene Craigmile and married in Guy Bolam and then became Irene Bolam and died in New Jersey in 1982.

A retired U.S. Colonel claimed that her second plan was if she couldn’t find Howland, she would head to the Marshall Islands and leave the airplane on that island. He has even written the book “Amelia Earhart Survived” where he indulged in this idea furthermore.

#3 Nikumaroro

There is another investigation going on where the hypothesis is that Earhart and Noonan might have landed on Nikumaroro Island which is 350 nautical miles southwest of Howland.

Earhart’s last radio transmission said “KHAQQ [Electra’s call letters] to Itasca. We are online at 157 337.” According to researchers this line they were flying at, cuts the Howland Island navigation line and if they missed the island they might be on the way to the northwest that lies ocean whereas on the southwest is Nikumaroro.

Radio transmissions that were at the position at the time received 121 messages and it is assumed that 57 of those might be from Electra.

In Nikumaroro they found a lot of remnants, such as shoes, a navigation device, airplane parts that could be of Electra on the island. They also found 13 bones buried near the campfire.

The International Group for Historic Aircraft Recovery is still looking into this hypothesis and has carried out excursions in an attempt to prove this to be correct.

A new life spirituality

The Unavoidable Connection Between Bringing A New Life And Spirituality

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A woman named Lilly living in Virginia, USA did a pregnancy test and it came out negative. She went to the doctor and was told she is not pregnant. However, she was damn sure and visited again but the answer remained the same.

Her inner knowingness didn’t let her believe and she refused the medical reports and machines altogether only to find out later she was right the entire time. Yes, she was indeed pregnant and this happened with her two pregnancies.

When you hear about spirituality usually pregnancy is not the first thing that comes to mind but you cannot deny that it is a sacred and spiritual time. It is considered as a passage from women to motherhood. The bodies of women are changed forever and not only their bodies, their minds and souls too. No matter where the child is you can never undo being a mother.

Walking, Talking And Functioning Spirit Portals

We all have heard about such portals and many movies revolve around this concept. If you think clearly if there is to be a bridge between matter and spirit who else it could be than a mother to be?

Not only a body is forming inside a pregnant lady but she also becomes an anchor kind of a portal through which a soul is incarnated. This is almost mind-boggling what happens inside a womb in just nine months.

This edge that women have cannot be taken away from them because the doorway is there even when they are not pregnant. Women’s intuition is a thing because when they are not even seeking it the drips of spirits can seep through a little.

This kind of explains why some women suddenly start experiencing new things when they conceive. For some, this doorway may shut soon after childbirth but for others, it may never close again. This has a lot to do with fear and personal desire. If a woman wants to keep it open she can but if it freaks her out it will be closed. So, nothing to worry about there!

Spooky Things Happenings

Many mommies-to-be talks about strange occurrences and stuff happening to them. they may see or hear something in their surroundings like a door opening or a glass breaking when no one else is around.

It does sound like a typical ghost story that kids share at sleepovers but in reality, it is a bit more interesting. For ladies having a baby in their womb, it is nothing major if the greater realm is considered just blips in the spiritual realm.

This should not scare the pregnant ladies ideally but for someone who doesn’t know, that can be terrifying. Many start to believe something is wrong with them or the house. Several women have reported having zero paranormal experiences and suddenly when they are pregnant it starts happening frequently.

A Connection To Intuition

Pregnancy works like a connection to intuition for many and it can become a spiritual experience. A woman can feel life moving inside her which hints towards the movement of our universe and how every little thing is interconnected. As a parent, enlightenment may come after a unique struggle. There is a deep connection to an unborn soul before the childbirth.

Birth Is Sacred

How can we not discuss birth when we are talking about spirituality in pregnancy? Who can deny that birthing a child in itself is sacred? It gives women an ability to connect to the parts of themselves that were undiscovered before.

The birth of a child is nothing less than a miracle!

The Truth and Our Perceptions

The Truth and Our Perceptions

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Like any other industry, Hollywood is riddled with problems. One major problem which they continue to be repeatedly guilty of is a misrepresentation, deliberate, or unintentional. For decades aliens, extraterrestrials, and other forms of life from outer space are portrayed as a tiny green biped, with often huge heads and scaly skin all over. This applies to both the ones out to destroy our civilization and those who come in peace. What writers, directors, and most importantly the audience fails to understand is that our perception of aliens could not be further from the truth. Our hunt for aliens and our desire to make contact with them has been highly unsuccessful since we were able to exit the Earth’s orbit and then safely return. This is because we continue to cast them into a mold which makes it more digestible to the masses as it is easier to show a foreign creature that has fundamental physical characteristics of humans instead of hinting at their true form.

Given that our planet is a mere 4.5 billion years old compared to the 14 billion-year-old universe we live in, it can be assumed very safely that most alien species are light years ahead of us in terms of intellectual capabilities and intelligence. After all, there is a significant gap between the quality of intelligence. There’s basic and primitive animal level intelligence. Then there’s the more superior human intelligence. At the top comes the intelligence of these aliens who presumably have reached the singularity. Singularity is the concept that at a certain point in a species’ evolution where all the changes in the past million years are superseded by the change in the next five minutes. The rate at which this change occurs is totally mind-boggling and possibly unquantifiable in human terms. Hence, it would be perfectly reasonable to believe that many alien species are trillion times, maybe more than that, intelligent than mankind. Having reached such a level of knowledge and intellect, their technology would have progressed enough for them to transcend their static physical being.

The most developed of these species would not be artificial intelligence living in machines, as that is just another phase of evolution, not its end goal. Humanity is currently in the early stages of making sense of this evolutionary step, one that will eventually be replaced by its successor. Truly advanced species will likely to be organized intelligently on the atomic scale, and likely even on scales far smaller. Aliens, and eventually humans, will evolve until they are pure, willful conscious energy or something even beyond that. These species have already figured out what we are just beginning to realize; that biology and ones and zeroes in machines are too rudimentary to be very functional in the longevity and progress of a species. Truly higher intellectual species occupy a realm that is much similar to the spiritual one, making them closer to our perception of ghosts as opposed to aliens. These beings can travel millions of light-years almost instantaneously as all their actions are conducive to one goal – personal power over nature. Everything else is discarded as non-functional and nonessential.

The crux of the problem with aliens and humans is we’re not hearing or seeing them because we don’t have ways to understand their language. It’s simply beyond our comprehension and physical abilities, given the acceleration of intelligence. We all have to follow the same rules and principles of physics. We are still in a process of understanding most of them so that we could utilize them to our benefit. And who knows maybe a 100 or 250 years later, our intelligence might be advanced enough to at least understand and communicate with advanced intellectual species which might allow us to further accelerate our intelligence.

San Luis Valley

San Luis Valley: A Home To More Than Just Humans

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Humanity’s obsession with other species has always been fascinating. We have attempted to study, classify, and learn from virtually every living organism – be it animals, plants, or bacteria – since the time we have existed as homo sapiens. However, species that live on other stars and planets have also been a subject of interest from people across the globe. These UFO sightings are often random and do not seem to follow a specific pattern, with most claims of such sightings being vilified by the mainstream media and immediately discarded by those consuming that information. One anomaly does seem to exist in terms of frequency of UFO sightings.

The San Luis Valley in the state of Colorado is home to more than just species that only inhabit the Earth. It is a vast valley spanning 8,000 square miles in south-central Colorado at an average elevation of 7,664 feet above sea-level – approximately 120 miles long and 75 miles wide. And as of the 2010 Census, it only had about 47,000 people, equating to about 5.6 people per square mile. The story really to the attention of the mainstream media when a farmer Judy Messoline moved to the Valley to farm cows for a living. Her herd failed to take off and soon she was facing financial ruin unless she sold her cattle and the land they grazed upon with it. By that time she had been a well-settled and respected member of the community, witnessing UFOs herself. The thought struck her of creating a watchtower which allows for a better view for sightings these UFOs. The watchtower is essentially 10 feet raised deck made from metal. Initially intended purely as a commercial business venture meant to attract tourists and other hitchhikers, it quickly became a notable and well-respected establishment. News of this tower spread like wildfire and was promoted by mainstream media outlets, leading to a surge in its popularity. This surge in popularity has helped the locals provide credibility to their claims of frequent yet erratic UFO sightings for as long as one remembers. This is not to say that everyone part of that community or all the tourists passing by or visiting the area have experienced the sighting of a UFO. However, the collective experience and connectedness to earn other’s intellect as human beings take precedence and everyone believes in these occurrences.

While there is no doubt about extraterrestrial operated flying vehicles, there is a lot of speculation over why San Luis experiences such sightings so frequently. A very possible and strong explanation for this is that there exists a hidden alien base somewhere in the Valley, with these UFOs being used to transport personnel in and out of the base. So far it is believed that this species of aliens are friendly and peaceful given the lack of terrorizing and harassment of the locals. There was one incident back in 1967 when a horse with a cauterized neck, no blood in its body with no signs of being attacked, and a deformed head showed up dead in town. This incident likely marked the beginning of operations at this base and this incident was isolated as since then there have been no unexplained abductions or deaths of humans or other animals.

While the watching tower continues to gain prominence, it remains to be seen whether or not these outer space beings will ever reveal themselves or if human curiosity and innovation will allow us to discover this base once and for all or if another sound explanation is proved to provide reasoning to these frequent yet fascinating UFO sightings.

The Black Knight Satellite

The Black Knight Satellite: Conspiracy or Cover-up

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The outer space is a scientific marvel and mystery alike. With the universe, as we know it, constantly expanding it is proposed that there not only are there infinite realms of reality, but there are countless other species that occupy our universe. Whether we have made contact with any of these extraterrestrials (E.Ts) is still being debated and is vehemently denied by mainstream media and society. However, there have been various instances and events which point to the contrary. One particular instance which also reeks of a potential cover-up by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is of the Black Knight Satellite.

While human scientific progress and innovation means that we have only started to access outer space in the last few decades, this satellite had been in Earth’s orbit for roughly 13,000 years before it was shot down. It was built by an alien civilization who used it as a means of spying on the Earth and its inhabitants; us. The mainstream media caught the attention of this alien satellite in 2017 when it was shot down by what they claim to be elite Illuminati soldiers. Video footage shows a burning white light moving slowly across the sky. As the satellite was moving across the atmosphere, a small white object, almost certainly the rocket used to shoot down this alien spying contraption, suddenly appeared from the right and started to approach it. After the rocket hits the satellite, it began to flash sporadically and then split into two objects, one of them being of circular shape. This circle is the alien escape pod that was built for evacuating the extraterrestrial spies in the event of an attack on their ship.

The history of our contact and relationship with this satellite is also rather notable. It is believed that the human race was first made aware of this satellite’s existence way back in 1899 when characteristic extraterrestrial rehashing sources were heard during the 1899 radio trials of Nikola Tesla. He had quite recently set up in Colorado Springs, where he manufactured an enormous amplifying transmitter to assist his examinations concerning the remote conveyance of electricity. Soon after he started his experiment he began to receive secretive signals on his hardware that appeared to be originating from a source in outer space. The signals were three distinct ‘driving forces’, being received at consistently at fixed intervals. Tesla was both baffled and hypnotized. After cautiously expelling all known normal wonders, he deduced that he may have gotten a sign from sophisticated life forms, possibly in a different universe. Humanity’s second encounter was postponed echoes which were heard by novice radio administrator Jorgen Hals in Oslo, Norway in 1928.

In 1954, UFO researcher Donald Keyhoe told newspapers that the United States Air Force had reported that two satellites orbiting Earth had been detected. At that time, no country had the technology to launch a satellite. The Air Force seemingly never confirmed or denied this story. In 1963, astronaut Gordon Cooper had recorded a UFO sighting during his 15th orbit in Mercury 9 that was confirmed by tracking stations, but there is no evidence that this happened as NASA’s mission transcripts do not show any such report being made during the mission. In 1973, Scottish author Duncan Lunan analyzed the long-delayed radio echoes received by Hals and others and speculated that they could originate from a 13,000-year-old alien probe located in an orbit around the Earth’s Moon. He stated that the cause for long-delayed echoes was that it was from a probe observing Earth while trying its best to stay under the radar and go undetected by humans. He later had to retract his comments and claimed that they were “unscientific”. While these were all radio evidence of the existence of an alien spy satellite, images captured by the STS-88 gave pictorial backing to this theory. The mission, which happened in 1998, was the first Space Shuttle mission to the International Space Station. The images were released by NASA and they showed a black object hovering above the Earth in low orbit. However, once they were picked up by mainstream media, a NASA website update made the original links to these pictures inoperative, while skipping the standard journalistic practices of explaining any of these actions.

These all point towards a coordinated cover-up by government agencies, as they might just ignore reports, like in the case of the Air Force, or in the case of NASA actively try to cover up and hide details such as images and doctor mission reports from astronauts. Any rationally minded reader would still not deny the existence of a government conspiracy to keep its citizens ignorant of other life forms and our clear history of contact with them.

Aliens may live within light-years of Earth

Aliens may live within light-years of Earth

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A new study shows aliens might live only 33,000 light-years away. Read on to know why we haven’t found them yet.

There are signs of the possibility of intelligent alien life all around our universe.

Billions of galaxies drift through the visible cosmos, each one containing hundreds of billions of stars, and each of those stars in turn shelters many planets. These trillion-or-so planets in every galaxy may not be habitable but the countless moons orbiting these lifeless spheres might be.

However, despite the vast number of planets, humans have yet to discover life beyond earth. Even after many types of research, the question is remains unanswered – Are we alone in this universe?

The searches for extraterrestrial intelligence, or SETI, suggest that somewhere in that ocean of space, within the Milky Way galaxy, intelligent aliens may be out there trying to make contact and we’d have no way of knowing, at least not yet.

Multiple SETI projects have looked over the past 60 years, and continue to look for alien signals. Some scan the sky for powerful signals, while others target individual star systems for weaker signals. Yet, these searches have turned up empty-handed.

Even though it might be similar looking to looking for a needle in a haystack, the group of SETI is determined to find the “needle”.  They agree with the well-known SETI astronomer Jill Tarter, who said in 2010 that it was pointless to conclude intelligent aliens do not exist nearby just because we haven’t yet found their signal. According to Jill, such may signal to exist and are aimed right at Earth, but we have not yet to scan the whole sky and may not be looking for the right type of signal to find them.

In their study, the group of colleagues built a mathematical model of what they considered a reasonable-size “cosmic haystack”, which was a sphere of space nearly 33,000 light-years in diameter, centered on Earth. The region captured parts of Milky Way’s bustling core as well as some giant globular clusters of stars above and below our galaxy.

They also picked eight dimensions of a search for aliens — factors like signal transmission frequency, bandwidth, power, location, repetition, polarization, and modulation, defining reasonable limits for each one.

They concluded this led to a total 8D haystack volume of 6.4 × 10116 m5Hz2 s/W – that is 6.4 followed by 115 zeros — which was described as “a space of truly gargantuan proportions.”

The group then examined the past 60 years’ worth of SETI projects and reconciled them against their haystack. This helped them determine that humanity’s collective search for extraterrestrials added up to about 0.00000000000000058% of the haystack’s volume, which is about a bathtub of water in all of Earth’s oceans or a five-centimeter-by-five-centimeter patch of land on all of Earth’s surface area. That may make humanity’s search efforts seem meager.

However, modern telescopes are getting better at scanning more objects with greater sensitivity and speed. For example, a 150-minute search this year by the Murchison Widefield Array covered a larger percentage of the galaxy than any other SETI project in history.

Still, there’s no guarantee of alien civilization so far.

On the other hand, a group of scientists from Oxford University recently took a different approach to the question of aliens. Rather than focusing on the likelihood of finding techno signatures that could be detected, they questioned the likelihood of intelligent alien life exists at all.

These researchers examined dozens of authoritative studies about variables in the Drake equation. Then they analyzed the results and calculated a dreary 2-in-5 chance that humans may be entirely alone in the Milky Way galaxy.

All being said, there is also a more unsettling possibility – could it be that aliens do exist nearby but don’t want us to find them?

aliens different from humans

Are aliens different from humans?

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Recent studies show that aliens may be more like us than we may think.

Sci-fi movies and books mostly encourage the belief that aliens are monster-like beings, those who are very different from humans. However, according to research, we could have more in common with our extra-terrestrial neighbors, unlike the traditional belief.

In the recent study that was published in the International Journal of Astrobiology scientists from the University of Oxford, it was noted for the first time how evolutionary theory can be used to support alien likelihoods and better understand their behavior. In this study, it was revealed that aliens are possibly shaped by the same processes and mechanisms that shaped humans, such as natural selection. This theory supports the argument that extraterrestrial life forms undergo natural selection, and are just like us, evolving to be fitter and stronger over time.

A researcher in Oxford’s Department of Zoology, Sam Levin, said: “A fundamental task for astrobiologists (those who study life in the cosmos) is thinking about what extra-terrestrial life might be like. But making predictions about aliens is hard. We only have one example of life – life on Earth — to extrapolate from.” He pointed out that the last approaches in the field of astrobiology have been largely mechanistic. These approaches only took what we see on Earth, and what we know about chemistry, geology, and physics to make predictions about aliens.

In his research, Sam Levin proposed an alternative approach, which is to use evolutionary theory to make predictions that are independent of Earth’s details. He believes that this is a useful approach as theoretical predictions will apply to silicon-based aliens –  for example, alien that do not have DNA and breathe nitrogen. By using this idea of alien natural selection as a framework, Levin’s team addressed extra-terrestrial evolution, and how complexities arise in space.

According to what we have seen on earth, species complexity has increased tremendously as a result of a handful of events. These changes are known as major transitions, which occur when a group of separate organisms evolves into a higher-level organism. A good example of this is when cells become multi-cellular organisms. The theory and empirical data all suggest that extreme conditions are required for major transitions to occur.

Levin’s research also makes specific predictions about the biological make-up of complex aliens and offers many theories as to what they might look like. He went on to add, “We still can’t say whether aliens will walk on two legs or have big green eyes. But we believe evolutionary theory offers a unique additional tool for trying to understand what aliens will be like, and we have shown some examples of the kinds of strong predictions we can make with it.”

He and his team believe that by predicting the major transitions undergone by aliens – which is how complexity has arisen in species on earth, they can conclude that there is a high chance that they would look like us due to the level of predictability to evolution.

Aliens, like humans, are predicted to be made up of a hierarchy of entities, which all cooperate to produce an extra-terrestrial being. There would have been mechanisms in place to eliminate conflict, to maintain cooperation, and to keep the organism functioning at each level of the organism. Levin’s team even offered to provide some examples of what these mechanisms will be like.

According to Sam Levin, there are potentially hundreds of thousands of habitable planets in our galaxy alone. As for now, it is impossible to say whether or not we’re alone on Earth, but small steps are being taken to answer that if we’re not alone, what exactly are our neighbors like.

how old could alien civilizations be?

Have you ever wondered how old could alien civilizations be?

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Over the past decade, our perspective of the cosmos has changed drastically. Within the last couple of years, humans have detected thousands of planets around stars other than our own Sun (exoplanets). With the discovery of an enormous number of galaxies, we also discovered billions of stars that statistically all have a planet orbiting them. Seeing the vast Universe makes us wonder that there could be more than just life here on Earth. Maybe we are not alone in this humongous universe.

When speaking of the Universe, a question that hasn’t received that much attention yet is: how old could the oldest planetary system be?

Let’s look at the facts we already know. Our solar system is roughly 4.6 billion years old, which is quite young compared to the whole Universe which is around 13.8 billion years old. We know that the Big Bang, mostly produced Hydrogen and Helium, while Earth’s crust consists mostly of oxygen, silicon, and iron. So that means Earth couldn’t have formed right after the Big Bang. But for how long would we need to wait?

Studies have shown that to create the elements which rocky planets like Earth consist of, stars in the Universe need to first be created and then die to spread elements heavier than Hydrogen and Helium into space. For heavier elements, they are mostly produced in stellar interiors through fusion, and when the stars eventually explode and shed their layers to their surroundings. It takes thousands of years for the stars’ material to fully mix into nearby space, and afterward, this material needs to collapse and form new stars and planets.

While a correlation has been observed between the amount of time passed since the Big Bang and the amount of heavier elements in the Universe, astrophysicists are still having a hard time creating a precise duration for the number of heavy components created at what time. However, it is concluded that something like Earth could not have formed until enough stars in the Universe had exploded, and we also know that this could have happened a lot earlier than when our solar system formed.

Kepler-444 (Campante et al. 2015, ApJ) is one of the most interesting planetary systems found by astronomers in our Galaxy. The Kepler-444 consists of five rocky planets orbiting a star which is 6.6 billion years older than our solar system. This means that it could have only formed 2.6 billion years after the Big Bang. As far as we know, this system probably doesn’t harbor life since the planets that are too close to their star have liquid water. But the sole existence of Kepler-444 demonstrates that planetary systems could have formed a lot earlier in the history of the Universe than our solar system. All these facts raise the question – if alien civilizations do exist and have evolved for billions of years longer than life here on earth, then how intelligent would they be?

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